1 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons vegetable oil, divided
4 small potatoes, peeled and halved and boiled
2 large onions, finely chopped
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger root
2 medium tomatoes, peeled and chopped
1 teaspoon ground cumin
½ teaspoon chili powder
½ teaspoon ground black pepper
½ teaspoon ground turmeric
2 tablespoons plain yogurt
2 tablespoons chopped fresh mint leaves
½ teaspoon ground cardamom
1 (2 inch) piece cinnamon stick
250 g boneless skinless chicken pieces cut into chunks
1 cup basmati rice
2 ½ tablespoons vegetable oil
1 large onion, diced
5 pods cardamom
3 whole cloves
1 (1 inch) piece cinnamon stick
½ teaspoon ground ginger
1 pinch of powdered saffron
4 cups chicken stock
1 ½ teaspoons salt
Heat 2 tablespoons of oil in a large skillet.
Add onions, garlic, and fresh ginger; cook and stir until the onion is soft and golden.
Add tomatoes, salt, cumin, chili powder, pepper, and turmeric; cook, stirring constantly, for 5 minutes. Stir in yogurt, mint, ground cardamom, and cinnamon stick.
Cover and cook over low heat, stirring occasionally, until tomatoes are cooked to a pulp.
It may be necessary to add a little hot water if the mixture becomes too dry and starts to stick to the pan.
Add chicken and stir well to coat.
Cover and cook over very low heat until chicken is tender, 35 to 45 minutes.
There should only be a little very thick gravy left when the chicken is finished cooking.
If necessary cook uncovered for a few minutes to reduce the gravy.
Meanwhile, make the rice: Wash the rice well and drain in a colander for at least 30 minutes.
Heat oil in a large skillet. Add onion; cook and stir until golden.
Add cardamom pods, cloves, cinnamon sticks, ground ginger, and saffron; stir in rice until coated with spices.
Heat stock and salt in a medium pot until hot; pour over rice and stir well. Add chicken mixture and potatoes; stir gently to combine. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat to very low, cover with a tight-fitting lid, and steam for 20 minutes without lifting the lid or stirring. Spoon biryani onto a warm serving dish.