Healthwatch by Shyft

Smoking: Long and short term effects

Smoking: Long and short term effects
Content
Content

Have you ever thought about the long-term effects of cigarette smoking? We all know that smoking is bad for our health, but have you ever wondered what happens to your body when you light up a cigarette? In this blog post, we will explore the long-term effects of cigarette smoking and what it can do to your body over time. From increased risk of cancer to damage to your respiratory system, we will dive into the science behind smoking and its impact on your health. Cigarette smoking has immediate and significant effects on the body, including both physical and psychological effects. These short-term effects can be experienced by both occasional and regular smokers.

Physical Effects

One of the most immediate physical effects of cigarette smoking is increased heart rate and blood pressure. Nicotine, the addictive substance in cigarettes, causes blood vessels to narrow, making it harder for blood to flow through them. This, in turn, causes the heart to work harder, leading to an increased heart rate and blood pressure.

Another common physical effect of cigarette smoking is shortness of breath. Smoking damages the cilia, which are the hair-like structures in the airways that help remove mucus and other particles. When the cilia are damaged, it becomes harder to clear the lungs of mucus and other irritants, leading to shortness of breath.

Smoking also affects the digestive system, causing nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. This is because smoking increases the production of stomach acid, which can irritate the lining of the stomach and intestines.

Psychological Effects

Cigarette smoking can also have significant psychological effects. Smoking can cause feelings of relaxation and pleasure, making it an appealing habit for many people. However, nicotine is a stimulant, and smoking can also cause feelings of anxiety, nervousness, and restlessness.

Withdrawal symptoms are also a common psychological effect of cigarette smoking. When a smoker tries to quit or goes without smoking for an extended period, they may experience symptoms such as irritability, difficulty concentrating, and cravings for cigarettes.

Cigarette smoking is a widespread habit that has devastating health effects. The short-term effects of smoking, such as bad breath and yellowed teeth, are well known. However, the long-term effects of smoking are much more severe and can cause serious health problems.

Cigarette Smoking and Cancer

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable cancer deaths worldwide. It is estimated that smoking causes 85% of lung cancer cases. However, smoking is also linked to several other types of cancer, including throat, mouth, bladder, pancreas, liver, kidney, and cervical cancer. The risk of developing cancer from smoking increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the duration of smoking.

Cigarette Smoking and Respiratory Diseases

Smoking can cause a range of respiratory diseases, including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Chronic bronchitis is a condition where the airways become inflamed and produce excess mucus, leading to coughing and difficulty breathing. Emphysema is a condition where the air sacs in the lungs are damaged, making it difficult to breathe. COPD is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema and is a progressive disease that gets worse over time.

Cigarette Smoking and Cardiovascular Diseases

Smoking is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. The chemicals in cigarette smoke damage the lining of the arteries, leading to the buildup of plaque, which can narrow or block the arteries. Narrowed or blocked arteries can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Cigarette Smoking and Reproductive Health

Smoking can have severe effects on reproductive health. In women, smoking can cause infertility, complications during pregnancy, premature birth, and low birth weight in newborns. In men, smoking can cause erectile dysfunction and decreased sperm count.

Cigarette Smoking and Mental Health

Smoking can have severe effects on mental health. Studies have shown that smokers are more likely to experience anxiety and depression than non-smokers. Nicotine, the addictive substance in cigarettes, can also affect mood and cause feelings of anxiety and irritability.

Cigarette Smoking and Aging

Smoking can accelerate the ageing process, leading to premature ageing of the skin and other signs of ageing. The chemicals in cigarette smoke can damage the collagen and elastin in the skin, leading to wrinkles and age spots. Smoking can also cause hair loss and yellowing of the teeth.

Quitting Smoking and Reversing the Damage

Quitting smoking is the best way to prevent the long-term health effects of smoking. Although some of the damage caused by smoking may be irreversible, quitting smoking can still have significant health benefits. Within a few weeks of quitting smoking, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases begins to decrease. Within a few months, lung function begins to improve, and the risk of developing cancer begins to decrease.

Conclusion

Cigarette smoking has severe long-term health effects and is responsible for millions of preventable deaths worldwide. The long-term effects of smoking include cancer, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, reproductive health problems, and mental health issues. Quitting smoking is the best way to prevent the long-term effects of smoking and improve overall health. If you smoke, it’s never too late to quit. Seek support from healthcare professionals, friends, and family to help you quit smoking for good.


Author:
Shyft Health

Shyft

linkedin
Shyft is your trusted source for health and wellness insights. We collaborate with a network of writers and health experts to curate evidence-based content. This content is further vetted and reviewed by our team of internal experts. Our platform is dedicated to providing you with reliable, accessible health information so you can make informed choices for a healthier life. read more

Over 20,000 customers have reduced their symptoms and improved their health by consulting Shyft's Clinical Nutritionists. When are you starting?

READ MORE ON :

Article By:

Read more

Continue to read on a range of topics related to Exercise, Nutrition, Mental Health and Sleep Health.

Role of Nutrition in Addiction Recovery 

Recovery from addiction is a difficult process that calls for a diverse strategy. Traditional treatments and support groups are essential, but diet also plays a critical role in fostering recovery and lowering the chance of relapse. In order to successfully overcome addiction, consuming the essential nutrients required for proper brain function, hormonal balance, and physical well-being is vital. In this article, we explore the importance of nutrition for addiction recovery, and how it can help manage withdrawal symptoms, improve mental… Read more

Role of Nutrition in Addiction Recovery 

Role of Nutrition in Addiction Recovery 

Recovery from addiction is a difficult process that calls for a diverse strategy. Traditional treatments and support groups are essential, but diet also plays a critical role in fostering recovery and lowering the chance of relapse. In order to successfully overcome addiction, consuming the essential nutrients required for proper brain function, hormonal balance, and physical well-being is vital. In this article, we explore the importance of nutrition for addiction recovery, and how it can help manage withdrawal symptoms, improve mental…

book

4 minutes

|

calendar

06 Apr 2023

Cigarette Smoking

4 minutes

05 Apr 2023

Cigarette Smoking

Who doesn't remember Mukesh? The person we saw before every Bollywood flick. The patient lost his life to oral cancer. The reason? Cigarette smoking. Cigarette smoking is a global problem that poses a significant health risk to individuals and society. Despite the well-known health hazards of smoking, millions continue to smoke daily. Cigarette smoking is a complex addiction that affects the smoker and those around them. What is Cigarette Addiction? Cigarette addiction is a form of nicotine addiction. Nicotine is… Read more

Most read

Cigarette Smoking

Cigarette Smoking

Who doesn't remember Mukesh? The person we saw before every Bollywood flick. The patient lost his life to oral cancer. The reason? Cigarette smoking. Cigarette smoking is a global problem that poses a significant health risk to individuals and society. Despite the well-known health hazards of smoking, millions continue to smoke daily. Cigarette smoking is a complex addiction that affects the smoker and those around them. What is Cigarette Addiction? Cigarette addiction is a form of nicotine addiction. Nicotine is…

book

4 minutes

|

calendar

05 Apr 2023

Most read

Smoking Addiction: Ways to break free from cigarette smoking

Smoking addiction is one of the most common and dangerous addictions in the world. It not only harms the smoker but also affects those around them. The harmful effects of smoking are well-documented, including an increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Despite this, quitting smoking can be incredibly challenging, as it is a complex addiction that affects the mind, body, and social behaviour. Breaking the cycle of addiction requires a multi-faceted approach that addresses the physical, emotional,… Read more

Most read

Smoking Addiction: Ways to break free from cigarette smoking

Smoking Addiction: Ways to break free from cigarette smoking

Smoking addiction is one of the most common and dangerous addictions in the world. It not only harms the smoker but also affects those around them. The harmful effects of smoking are well-documented, including an increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Despite this, quitting smoking can be incredibly challenging, as it is a complex addiction that affects the mind, body, and social behaviour. Breaking the cycle of addiction requires a multi-faceted approach that addresses the physical, emotional,…

book

5 minutes

|

calendar

11 Apr 2023

Most read

E-Cigarettes and Hookahs in Current Times: Ill Effects and Way Forward

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookahs have gained popularity among young adults in recent years, as they are perceived as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. However, research has shown that e-cigarettes and hookahs are not risk-free and can have harmful effects on health. Both these substances cause- Respiratory problems: Vapor and smoke can cause respiratory problems, including coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. It can also cause lung damage over time. Cardiovascular problems: Nicotine in e-cigarettes and hookahs can increase… Read more

Most read

E-Cigarettes and Hookahs in Current Times: Ill Effects and Way Forward

E-Cigarettes and Hookahs in Current Times: Ill Effects and Way Forward

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookahs have gained popularity among young adults in recent years, as they are perceived as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. However, research has shown that e-cigarettes and hookahs are not risk-free and can have harmful effects on health. Both these substances cause- Respiratory problems: Vapor and smoke can cause respiratory problems, including coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. It can also cause lung damage over time. Cardiovascular problems: Nicotine in e-cigarettes and hookahs can increase…

book

4 minutes

|

calendar

05 Aug 2023

Most read

Checkout some healthy recipes that taste good, approved by our nutritionists

View all
Understanding Metabolism

Methi Matar Malai

A delectable preparation of fresh fenugreek leaves and green peas in a luxurious cream-based sauce.

12 INGREDIENTS

|

30 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Soya Chunks Curry

A protein-packed delight of tender soya chunks simmered in a flavorful blend of spices and tomato-based gravy.

14 INGREDIENTS

|

45 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Mutton Stew

Succulent chunks of mutton simmered in delicate flavors of Indian spices.

14 INGREDIENTS

|

45 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Millet Rava Upma

A healthy, delicious and a fulfilling breakfast with the goodness of added vegetables.

9 INGREDIENTS

|

30 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Oat Bites

An easy to make & healthy whole food snack packed with the goodness of oats and cranberries.

8 INGREDIENTS

|

60 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Ragi and Moong Dal Idli

A nutritious and super delicious meal that can be consumed any time of the day - a great way to include superfood finger millet in your diet.

9 INGREDIENTS

|

45 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Chickpea Sandwich

A wholesome sandwich the goodness of crunchy veggies and plant protein.

5 INGREDIENTS

|

15 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Soya Bhurji

A nutritous & easy to prepare meal with the goodness of plant protein - can be eaten with chapatis, or as a filling in sandwiches.

10 INGREDIENTS

|

30 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

Ragi Roti

A high fibre & nutrient dense roti to keeps hunger pangs away.

7 INGREDIENTS

|

30 MINS.

Understanding Metabolism

8 INGREDIENTS

|

45 MINS.

View all